門訓工具

每個門徒都是一個建立門徒者 • 每個家都是一個培訓中心 • 每個簡約教會都是一個宣教機構

簡約教會」是個屬靈的家庭「愛神」、 「愛人」、「建立門徒」不斷倍增 — 以耶穌為中心並尊祂為王。

大誡命
耶穌對他說:「『你要盡心、盡性、盡意愛主─你的神』。這是誡命中的第一,且是最大的。其次也相仿,就是『要愛人如己。』這兩條誡命是律法和先知一切道理的總綱。」
— 馬太福音 22:37-40

大使命
耶穌進前來,對他們說:「天上地下所有的權柄都賜給我了。所以,你們要去,使萬民作我的門徒,奉父、子、聖靈的名給他們施洗。凡我所吩咐你們的,都教訓他們遵守,我就常與你們同在,直到世界的末了。」
— 馬太福音 28:18-20

馬太福音 22:34-40 馬太福音 28:16-20

耶穌說:「我給你們做了榜樣,叫你們照著我向你們所做的去做。」
— 約翰福音 13:15

保羅說:「你們該效法我,像我效法基督一樣。」
— 哥林多前書 11:1

小鴨門徒訓練法

從小鴨中,其實我們可以了解一個建立門徒很重要的原則。如果渴望見到神的大家庭在忠心上往下紮根、茁壯成長,那麼建立門徒就要學習像小鴨一樣 ── 每一個「跟隨者」都要同時成為「帶領者」。

無論在世界哪一個地方,你看小鴨走路的方式都是一樣的。母鴨在前面帶領,小鴨跟着她走 ── 一個接一個排成一行。母鴨在前面帶領,小鴨在後面跟着。但如果你再仔細看,會發現還有其他事同時發生。

每一隻小鴨實際上扮演着兩個角色,而且是在同一個時間裏發生:
• 每一隻小鴨都是「跟隨者」,跟着母鴨的率領,也跟着另一隻走在牠前面的小鴨走。
• 但同時,每一隻小鴨也都是「帶領者」,因為牠也帶領着後面的小鴨跟着牠走。

那麼你說,這隻小鴨是「跟隨者」?還是「帶領者」呢?其實兩者皆是!

這就是為什麼說小鴨「出去散步」,跟我們人成為門徒非常像。神要祂的大家庭在忠心上往下紮根、茁壯成長,那麼每一個「跟隨者」都要成為「帶領者」、每一個「信徒」都要成為「分享者」、並且每一個「門徒」都要成為「建立門徒者」,而這些也全是同時進行的。

作主門徒也好,建立門徒者也好,我們很容易掉入的一個陷阱,就是誤以為我們必須學得很完全,要懂很多之後,才能開始與人分享;其實建立門徒不是這麼一回事。

建立門徒就像這些小鴨,不需要什麼都懂,才能成為「帶領者」,只需要在前面一步步帶領就好。神要祂的大家庭在忠心上往下紮根、茁壯成長,因此祂要每個「帶領者」都是「跟隨者」、每個「分享者」都是「信徒」、並且每個「建立門徒者」都是「門徒」,而這些也全是同時進行的。

另外,一個很容易落入其中的陷阱就是:錯誤的認為有某些「帶領者」已經透徹理解所有的事,而我們只要找到這樣的人,跟隨他們就可以了;但建立門徒並不是這麼一回事。

在神的國度裏,所有的人只跟一位「母鴨」走,就是耶穌基督

既不是宣教士,不是牧師,也不是神學院教授。只有耶穌配得我們完全的信任,其他人都不完全,我們也都在「成長的過程中」。在人生中,你一定總會遇見一些人與耶穌特別親近,可以讓我們來跟隨;也一定有人走得離耶穌遠一點,需要我們去帶領。但不管我們是在前面帶,還是在後面跟,我們的眼目、心思、意念,都要定睛在耶穌身上。

每一個「帶領者」都是「跟隨者」

在聖經裏,那位寫成新約大多數書卷以及建立許多初期教會的保羅,他的書信中並不只是寫「跟隨我」,他是寫「你們該效法我,像我效法基督一樣」。他知道小鴨一邊跟,一邊帶的道理;這也是每一個門徒都該知道的:在神的國度裏,每一個「帶領者」都必須是「跟隨者」,而且我們所有人都跟隨耶穌。

每一個「跟隨者」都是「帶領者」

在聖經裏,保羅也寫到「你⋯⋯聽見我所教訓的,也要交託那忠心能教導別人的人」。保羅知道小鴨一邊跟,一邊帶的道理;這也是每一位門徒都該知道的:在神國度裏,每一個「跟隨者」都必須是「帶領者」,而且我們都應該學習耶穌帶領人的榜樣,為別人捨命。

每一個「門徒」都是「建立門徒者」

在大使命中,耶穌說:「使萬民作我(基督)的門徒」。祂是對每一個門徒說的,因為大使命是帶着應許的命令。耶穌應許:「我(基督)就常與你們同在,直到世界的末了」。這個應許是耶穌賜給每一個相信祂的人。如果這個應許是給每一個信徒,那麼大使命也是給每一個信徒 — 就是耶穌所有的跟隨者。

每一個「門徒」都要「倍增」

如果我們遵守大誡命的話,那麼我們就會不斷倍增門徒,因為建立門徒過程的一部分是「凡我(基督)所吩咐你們的,都教訓他們遵守」,而大使命本身就是耶穌所吩咐的其中之一個命令。因此,每一個信徒從定義上都要參與造就門徒成為建立門徒者。從建立門徒到建立屬靈群體(教會)只是一小步,因為更多的命令是需要一個屬靈群體去一起實行。當我們順服神,門徒倍增就會帶來教會倍增。

成為一個「值得被倍增」的「門徒」

不健康
[不忠心]
健康
[忠心 > 成熟]

耶穌說:「誰是那忠心有見識的管家,主人派他管理家裡的人,按時分糧給他們呢? 主人來到,看見僕人這樣行,那僕人就有福了。⋯唯有那不知道的,做了當受責打的事,必少受責打。因為多給誰,就向誰多取;多託誰,就向誰多要。」
— 路加福音 12:42-43,48

為要成全聖徒,各盡其職,建立基督的身體,直等到我們眾人在真道上同歸於一,認識神的兒子,得以長大成人,滿有基督長成的身量。
— 以弗所書 4:12-13

耶穌說:「凡到我這裡來,聽見我的話去行的,我要告訴你們他像什麼人。他像一個人蓋房子,深深地挖地,把根基安在磐石上,到發大水的時候,水沖那房子,房子總不能搖動,因為根基立在磐石上。」
— 路加福音 6:47-48

只是你們要行道不要單單聽道,自己欺哄自己。因為聽道而不行道的,就像人對著鏡子看自己本來的面目,看見,走後,隨即忘了他的相貌如何。唯有詳細察看那全備、使人自由之律法的,並且時常如此,這人既不是聽了就忘,乃是實在行出來,就在他所行的事上必然得福。
— 雅各書 1:22-25

三腳平衡凳
知識順服分享

比起「知識」和「訓練」,「忠心」是更好的指標去衡量一個人是否靈命「成熟」。在建立門徒時,我們必須確保我們使用正確的指標。如果我們順服並與人分享所聽見的,我們便是「忠心」的人,反之則不是。

在現今的教會當中,有兩個想法導致許多問題的產生:
• 第一個想法是:一個人是否靈命成熟,是要看他們對聖經認識多少;認為「正確的信仰」(RIGHT BELIEF)— 或是「正統的信仰」(ORTHODOXY)— 才是衡量一個人信仰的好指標。
• 第二個想法是:一個人是否可以帶領,是要看他們在開始事奉前有否受過「完整的訓練」;認為「完備的知識」(COMPLETE KNOWLEDGE)— 才是衡量一個人服侍資格的好指標。

第一個想法的問題出在:若是倚靠「正統的信仰」(ORTHODOXY)— 或是「正確的信仰」(RIGHT BELIEF)來衡量,其實撒旦對聖經經文的認識比誰都更多。

聖經說:「你信神只有一位,你信的不錯!鬼魔也信,卻是戰驚。」

要衡量一個人是否靈命成熟的重要指標,是在於「正統的信仰」(ORTHODOXY)— 也就是「正確的操練」(RIGHT PRACTICE)。我們更應該注重的是在「順服」神與「分享」信仰上是否「忠心」,不能只根據我們所知道的來衡量一個人是否靈命成熟。

第二個想法的問題出在:若只有受過「完整訓練」的人,才可以開始建立別人;那麼就沒有人了,因為沒有人可以說自己已經完全受訓。從耶穌的示範中可以看出,祂把仍在學習的門徒差遣出去,做神的國度中最重要的事工。

聖經記載:「耶穌叫齊了十二個門徒,給他們能力、權柄制伏一切的鬼,醫治各樣的病,又差遣他們去宣傳神國的道、醫治病人。」

這些人是在彼得認耶穌是彌賽亞之前就被差遣的;我們不是認為相信耶穌是信仰的第一步嗎?再說,受過差遣之後,彼得還是時常犯錯,被耶穌責備過好幾次,之後還完全不認耶穌。其他的門徒呢?有爭論誰是最大的、有問將來在神的國度會有什麼地位的。他們真的還有很多要學,但耶穌已經差他們去做工,要他們把所學的分享出去。

比起「知識」,「忠心」是一個人一旦決定要跟隨耶穌,就能夠馬上開始操練的。靈命「成熟」是需要時間的,但是否「忠心」這一點,在處於任何階段的門徒身上都可以清楚地看出來。如果一個人沒有將所學的在生命上實踐行動,即使擁有「知識」也是沒有價值的。「忠心」會帶來靈命「成熟」,因為耶穌會更多專注於那些忠心的人,就如才幹的比喻中良善又忠心的僕人。透過「順服」神所吩咐的並與人「分享」,「忠心」就是邁向靈命「成熟」 之道 。

路加福音 12:35-48

耶穌說:「凡到我這裡來,聽見我的話去行的,我要告訴你們他像什麼人。他像一個人蓋房子,深深地挖地,把根基安在磐石上,到發大水的時候,水沖那房子,房子總不能搖動,因為根基立在磐石上。」
— 路加福音 6:47-48

耶穌說:「因為多給誰,就向誰多取多託誰,就向誰多要。」
— 路加福音 12:48

只是你們要行道不要單單聽道,自己欺哄自己。因為聽道而不行道的,就像人對著鏡子看自己本來的面目,看見,走後,隨即忘了他的相貌如何。唯有詳細察看那全備、使人自由之律法的,並且時常如此,這人既不是聽了就忘,乃是實在行出來,就在他所行的事上必然得福。
— 雅各書 1:22-25

屬靈呼吸」就是在每時每刻、每一天當中聆聽順服神。呼吸代表生命,我們吸氣,呼氣,就是生命。

吸氣
在神的國度中,我們「吸氣」就是聆聽神。經由以下的途徑:
神的話語 — 就是聖經
與神禱告 — 就是與神的對話
基督的身體 — 就是教會和跟隨耶穌的人
神所作的工 — 就是人生的經歷和事件,有時候甚至是神允許祂兒女經歷的患難與逼迫

呼氣
在神的國度中,我們「呼氣」就是行出所聽見的吩咐,也就是順服神。

有時候「呼氣順服意味着改變我們的思想、言語、行為,好符合耶穌的心意。有時「呼氣順服意味着分享耶穌告訴我們的事情 — 祂所給予我們的,我們再給出去 — 如此一來其他人也能得到祝福,如同神祝福我們一樣。

對跟隨耶穌的人,這真是一個好消息:當我們「吸氣」 — 聆聽神的話語,並當我們「呼氣」 — 順服並與人分享我們所聽到的,神的聲音將會越來越清晰。

三腳平衡凳
知識吸氣)• 順服呼氣)• 分享呼氣

作為跟隨耶穌的門徒,這樣不停的「吸氣」和「呼氣」非常重要,因為這就是我們的生命。

路加福音 6:46-49 路加福音 12:35-48

耶穌說:「醫治病人,叫死人復活,叫長大痲瘋的潔淨,把鬼趕出去。你們白白地得來,也要白白地捨去。」
— 馬太福音 10:8

耶穌的話說:「施比受更為有福。」
— 使徒行傳 20:35b

耶穌說:「人在最小的事上忠心在大事上也忠心;在最小的事上不義,在大事上也不義。」
— 路加福音 16:10

神讓我們看到天國經濟很不一樣 — 我們的奬賞不在於獲得什麼,而是付出什麼。

白白地得來白白地捨去

當我們忠心地「順服」神,將祂給我們的照樣地與人「分享」,神應許更多加添給我們來分享給人。耶穌說過:「人在最小的事上忠心,在大事上也忠心。」

這是一條更深認識神、親近祂的道路,使我們能夠活出祂原本造我們時,希望我們擁有的豐盛生命。如此,我們就可以去做神預定要我們去做的善工。

在神國度的經濟學,使別人得福就是我們的祝福。這其實是我們之前所學到的「屬靈呼吸」的根基。當我們忠心地順服神,將祂給我們的照樣地分享給別人,祂將給我們更清楚且更全面的指示。這是一條帶我們更深的認識神、更親近神的道路,使我們能夠活出祂原本創造我們時,希望我們擁有的豐盛生命。如此,我們就可以去做神所預定要我們去做的善工。

互相問責守望互勉
• 一邊「順服」、一邊「傳遞」主向我們啟示的。
• 一邊「實踐」、一邊「教導」。
• 一邊「操練」、一邊「分享」給別人。

這意味在基督的肢體﹙教會﹚中,我們對彼此最大的愛心就是操練互相守望互勉。活出神國度的經濟模式是身為耶穌門徒很重要的一部分。

• 我們「蒙神賜福」,為要「叫別人得福」。
• 我們是「跟隨者」,也是「帶領者」。
• 我們是「學生」,也是「老師」。

三腳平衡凳
知識吸氣)• 順服呼氣)• 分享呼氣

管理神給我們的領導權也是作「好管家」的一部分。在我們一進入神國的時候,就要開始操練。我們不應該等到我們「成熟」時才開始彼此服事或祝福別人;反之,正是因為我們實踐行動才會在服事的過程中逐漸成熟。我們「吸氣」,「聆聽」神的話語;然後我們「呼氣」,「順服」神並與人「分享」我們所聽到的。

馬太福音 25:14-30

耶穌說:「你們若我,就必遵守我的命令。⋯有了我的命令又遵守的,這人就是我的。愛我的必蒙我父愛他,我也要愛他,並且要向他顯現。⋯人若我,就必遵守我的道,我父也必愛他,並且我們要到他那裡去,與他同住。不愛我的人就不遵守我的道。」
— John 14:15-24

我們若神,又遵守他的誡命,從此就知道我們愛神的兒女。我們遵守神的誡命,這就是他了,並且他的誡命不是難守的。因為凡從神生的,就勝過世界。使我們勝了世界的,就是我們的信心。
— 約翰一書 5:2-4

愛必遵守

順服」是愛的另一面;也就是愛的表現。順服神並遵守祂的話不僅是我們的責任;更是對主為我們所作一切的感恩。我們可以唱盡所有的敬拜詩歌,並向所有人宣告我們對基督的愛;但如果我們在生命中各方面上並不順服神、也没有遵守祂的話,這些詩歌和宣告都是毫無意義,甚至是假冒為善的。我們的感覺並不能代表我們的愛;我們的說話也不能代表我們的愛。只有我們的動機,我們的行為,我們的順服才能代表我們對基督的愛。

立時的革命性的付代價的服從的

門徒訓練」的意思就是跟隨基督。每一個門徒都必須不斷成長邁向成熟,但應該重視的是成聖的過程,而不是結果。成聖的終點就是要像基督的樣式得以完全;這是一生之久直至我們面對面在榮耀中與主相見為止才達到完全成聖。在這過程中,我們需要在這幾方面上每天成長:立時的、革命性的、付代價的、服從的。在這過程中,我們亦需要越來越忠心將我們所學的與人分享;不僅是頭腦上的知識,更是生活的應用。在這過程中,我們更需要實踐,藉着理解和應用經文、與神禱告、肢體生活、患難逼迫,學習神的屬性、神的本質和神的旨意。這個過程意味着無論我們往哪裡去,天天都要跟隨基督,並且感染祝福別人。

約翰福音 14:15-24

每一位新門徒必須學習至少從以下幾個途徑屬靈餵養自己:
「神的話語」、「與神禱告」、「肢體生活」、「與人分享」、「患難逼迫」

「得到餵養」就是指當我們要成為「值得被倍增」的門徒時,我們生命中必需要有的生活方式。我們必須成為「生產者」而非「消費者」。

神透過以下五種主要的方式去幫助我們靈命成長:

神的話語:每一位門徒必須受裝備學習、明白聖經的話語,並且行出聖經的話語來。神說話啟示祂忠心的僕人,跨越幾千年,這些不同的作者寫下所聽到的,將他們所領受的分享出去。聖經教導我們神的救恩故事,祂的計劃、祂的心意和祂的道路。如果有人不擅長閱讀,那麼他們就必須用口述的方式學習,例如:可以從聆聽版聖經開始。以下這三個工具可以互相配搭,從而幫助建立門徒能夠掌握理解和應用聖經的能力。如果你還沒用過或不知道,就趕快來看看吧!
「S.O.A.P.S. 肥皂讀經法」•「三分三小組」•「守望互勉小組」

與神禱告:禱告對我們和神的關係至關重要。禱告是向神說話,也是聽神說話。禱告幫助我們更深認識神,可以瞭解祂的心意、祂的旨意和祂的道路。禱告也幫助我們服事、教導別人,並對他們做見證。以下這兩個工具可以幫助門徒建立禱告生活,並且學習用禱告來服事別人。這兩樣工具都是在幫我們養成凡事禱告的習慣,並學習總是從屬靈的角度看世界,而不僅以肉眼所見為憑,幫助我們更瞭解可以如何禱告。
「禱告輪」•「步行禱告」

肢體生活:神設立了祂的身體 ── 教會,所以我們需要彼此。每個人都有不同的優點,也有各自的缺點。我們應該要彼此順服,也要互相服事。一個門徒的生命不只是個人與神的連結,還有與彼此的連結。因着基督,我們彼此連結在信徒團契裏面,是同一個身子上的肢體。以下的工具幫助我們在愛中彼此激發愛心,勉勵行善,同時也要互相問責守望互勉,順服並分享神所吩咐的一切事。
「三分三小組」•「守望互勉小組」•「朋輩切磋機制」

與人分享:藉着分享讓我們對所知道的更多了解,使頭腦的知識進入心中,並身體力行。天國經濟與地上經濟,分別在神國度的經濟學是建基於分享付出一個人所擁有的。當我們忠於與他人分享我們已經知道的關於神的知識時,神就會向我們更多地展現自己。他為那些忠於與他人分享他們已經了解的知識的人提供了更多的見識和啟示。當我們服從他已經對我們說過的話,他對我們說的更加清晰。當忠心地與人分享我們對神的認識,祂會給我們更多的顯現。當忠心地與人分享我們所知道的,神也會給我們更多的洞見和啟示。當我們順服神所吩咐的,祂亦會對我們更清楚地說話。
「我的故事」•「神的故事」

患難逼迫:神能在許多方面使用患難和逼迫來使我們得益處。神使用這些來熬煉我們,塑造我們的品格,讓我們更像耶穌;祂以此堅固並煉淨我們的信心,使我們能將心比心,服事那些遭受各樣患難的人;而當我們樂意犧牲,甘心為祂的名受苦時,祂的名也會因此得着榮耀。神已經清楚明白地告訴我們,如果我們定意在這個世界上為祂而活,遭受逼迫是必然的。如果門徒被教導他們將會為神國度的緣故而經歷患難逼迫,他們在實際面對這些景況時,就比較不會感到過於困惑、苦毒、生氣、怨恨、灰心或喪氣。我們必須在人剛開始跟隨耶穌時就預備他們的心,使他們能堅定的面對患難,信靠神是信實的造物主,不會出差錯。為神的國度而受苦,是為了熬煉我們的信心,以及準備我們在永恆裏與基督一同永遠得勝。
「三分三小組」•「守望互勉小組」

耶穌說:「我是從天上降下來生命的糧;人若吃這糧,就必永遠活著。我所要賜的糧就是我的肉,為世人之生命所賜的。⋯ 我實實在在的告訴你們,你們若不吃人子的肉,不喝人子的血,就沒有生命在你們裡面。吃我肉、喝我血的人就有永生,在末日我要叫他復活。我的肉真是可吃的,我的血真是可喝的。吃我肉、喝我血的人常在我裡面,我也常在他裡面。永活的父怎樣差我來,我又因父活著;照樣,吃我肉的人也要因我活著。這就是從天上降下來的糧。吃這糧的人就永遠活著,不像你們的祖宗吃過嗎哪還是死了。 ⋯ 叫人活著的乃是靈,肉體是無益的。我對你們所說的話就是靈,就是生命。」
— 約翰福音 6:51, 53-58, 63

耶穌卻回答說:「經上記著說:『人活著,不是單靠食物,乃是靠神口裡所出的一切話。』」
— 馬太福音 4:4

神的道是活潑的,是有功效的,比一切兩刃的劍更快,甚至魂與靈,骨節與骨髓,都能刺入、剖開,連心中的思念和主意都能辨明。
— 希伯來書 4:12

作為耶穌的跟隨者,我們應該要每天讀聖經。

S.O.A.P.S. 肥皂讀經法」是個簡單的讀經指引,能幫助我們更加了解、有能力遵守並分享神的命令。每星期讀至少 25-30 章的聖經,並且每天用 S.O.A.P.S. 寫讀經日記。

閱讀聖經 SCRIPTURE:把當天對你特別有意義的一兩節經文寫下來。
觀察思考 OBSERVATION:再用你自己的話重新寫下這些經文或者經文的重點,來幫你更了解其中的意思。
生活應用 APPLICATION:思考一下要在你的生活中遵守這些命令是什麼意思?
禱告祈求 PRAYER:把你的禱告寫下來,告訴神你所學到的,以及你打算如何遵行。
分享心得 SHARING:求神讓你知道該跟誰分享從聖經中你所學到的,以及你的應用。

約翰福音 6:51-63

耶穌說:「所以,你們禱告要這樣說:『我們在天上的父:願人都尊祢的名為聖。願祢的國降臨;願祢的旨意行在地上,如同行在天上。我們日用的飲食,今日賜給我們。免我們的債,如同我們免了人的債。不叫我們遇見試探;救我們脫離兇惡。因為國度、權柄、榮耀,全是祢的,直到永遠。阿們!』」
— 馬太福音 6:9-13

禱告手」是一個簡單的禱告指引,從耶穌的禱告用手來學習如何向神說話。

• 手掌 = 與神的關係:手掌是整個手指頭的中心,單獨與神相處的時間,是我們與祂之間建立個人關係的基礎。 (v9a)
• 大拇指 = 敬拜:大拇指提醒我們,在向神有任何祈求之前,必須要先來敬拜祂。 (v9b)
• 食指 = 降服:接著我們降服於神,把我們的生命、計劃、家庭、財務、工作、未來、一切的事都交託給神。 (v10)
• 中指 = 祈求:之後求神供應我們的需用。 (v11)
• 無名指 = 饒恕:現在求神饒恕我們的罪,我們也要饒恕別人。 (v12)
• 小指頭 = 保護:然後求神保護我們。 (v13a)
• 大拇指 (再一次) = 敬拜:結束時要跟開始時一樣 — 我們再來敬拜全能的神 — (v13b)

禱告輪」是一個簡單的工具去操練禱告,你們可以自己使用,或者與其他門徒分享一起使用。只要 12 個簡單的步驟,每個步驟花 5 分鐘 — 就能夠把聖經教導的 12 種禱告方式順著「禱告輪」走一圈。在完成的時候,你們就正好禱告了一個小時。

讚美:以讚美主來開始你們的禱告時間,腦海中想到什麼讚美神的話,就用那些來讚美祂。想想在上個星期內,神在你們生命中所做的哪件事應當讚美祂;或者讚美祂向你們家人所賜的厚恩。
等候:花點時間安靜下來等候神,沉澱一下思緒。
認罪:求聖靈光照,看看在生活上有沒有任何不討神喜悅的事,不正確的態度,也求祂指出你們還有什麼沒認的罪,就向神認罪求主赦免潔淨。
讀經:花點時間閱讀聖經中的詩篇、先知書,以及新約裏有關禱告的經文。
懇求:為自己向神懇求。
代求:為別人向神代求。
禱讀:以神的話語來做回應禱告;如聖經中的禱文,特別在詩篇裏有許多禱告,都非常適合。
感恩:為自己生活上、家人、教會事工所蒙的恩向神獻上感謝。
唱詩:唱一首詩歌或聖詩去敬拜讚美神。
默想:靜默禱告並求神對你們說話。準備好紙筆,把祂所給的感受寫下來。
聆聽:再花點時間整理所閱讀的、所禱告的、所唱的歌,看神如何融合這一切對你們說話。
讚美:為這段與神親近共處的美好時光讚美祂,也為祂當得的榮耀讚美祂。

馬太福音 6:5-15

這樣看來,我們各人必要將自己的事在神面前說明。
— 羅馬書 14:12

所以,你們該彼此勸慰,互相建立,正如你們素常所行的。
— 帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:11

也要堅守我們所承認的指望,不至搖動,因為那應許我們的是信實的。又要彼此相顧,激發愛心,勉勵行善。你們不可停止聚會,好像那些停止慣了的人,倒要彼此勸勉,既知道那日子臨近,就更當如此。
— 希伯來書 10:23-25

C.H.A.T. 守望互勉小組」是由兩到三位同性別的成員組成的,男女分開。小組每星期聚會一次,用問題討論的方式,彼此幫補找出哪些方面做得好,哪些方面需要調整。如果他們無法面對面聚會,也可使用電話或視訊來進行。每位「守望互勉小組」的組員都要切記,小組裡所有的分享,一定要保密,不可外傳。

檢查進度 CHECK YOUR PROGRESS:我們透過互相分享掙扎彼此守望互相勉勵。開始時逐一討論「守望互勉問題」(45-60 分鐘)。
聆聽話語 HEAR THE WORD:我們透過閱讀上下文並和其他人一起閱讀聖經幫助你在屬靈上逐漸成長。討論主透過每星期經文給你留下的印象。你的小組應該每星期閱讀 25-30 章。有許多人發現大聲朗讀是非常有幫助的。如果有人在指定的一個星期內沒有完成應讀的,整個小組在下個星期繼續完成相同的功課。
實踐行動 ACT ON IT:每天我們透過去愛人實踐應用聖經的真理。活出主在閱讀經文時給你留下的印象,實踐應用於你的生活中,並將真理分享給其他人(5-10 分鐘)。
告訴別人 TELL OTHERS:我們為那些需要神的人禱告,並在有機會時與他們接觸。結束時禱告:互相為彼此禱告。部分時間應該為整個星期小組一直禱告的對象禱告(如:未得救的朋友、家人和相識的人)(5-10 分鐘)。我們透過禱告和順服來承認神。在你禱告的時候,不要忘記讚美和感謝主祂的屬性,祂透過你在你的小組和你的身上所作的。要記住,你對主的順服(「實踐行動」)本身就是一種敬拜!(5 分鐘)。

1. 談談上個星期的讀經心得,如何影響了你的思考及生活方式?
2. 你跟人分享過這些心得嗎?對方有什麼反應?
3. 你看到神的作為了嗎?
4. 在上個星期內,你的言行舉止是否為耶穌基督的大能做出好見證?
5. 你是否翻閱過任何色情刊物(包括網路),或者放任你的思緒沉浸於不當的性思想上?
6. 你在金錢的使用上,有沒有認定神才是那位擁有者?
7. 你是否貪戀任何東西?
8. 你是否在言語上破壞了別人的名譽,或者傷到別人?
9. 你是否有言語不實,行為浮誇的表現?
10. 你是否放任生活作息(如:懶惰、沒節制)?
11. 你是否在一些事上成癮(如:成為衣服、朋友、工作或錢財的奴隸)?
12. 你是否無法原諒別人?
13. 你在擔心什麼,或者對什麼感到焦慮?
14. 你是否經常埋怨或發牢騷?
15. 你是否常有感恩的心?
16. 你是否在家人朋友之間的人際關係中,敬重、理解、並且善待別人?
17. 你正在面對什麼思想、言語或者行為上的誘惑嗎?怎麼對應?
18. 你是否把握機會服事或祝福別人?特別是主內的弟兄姊妹?
19. 你是否看到神在你禱告上的回應?
20. 你是否讀完上個星期應讀的經文?
21. 一起為以上所分享的事項做結束禱告。

1. 禱告求神使我們學習像耶穌。
2. 你最近好不好?你的禱告生活過得如何?
3. 你有什麼方面需要向神認罪的嗎?(如:人際來往、男女關係、用錢花費、驕傲自恃、做人處事、順服權柄等)
4. 上次神提醒你的事是否遵行了?請具體分享。
5. 在上個星期內,你是否為你「百人名單」上未信主的親友禱告?是否曾有機會跟他們分享?請具體分享。
6. 在上個星期內,新學的聖經經文背了嗎?請背出來。
7. 在上個星期內,你至少讀聖經 25 章嗎?
8. 從這些聖經經文中,神對你說了什麼?
9. 你對這些閱讀心得,確實做出什麼回應?
10. 在上個星期內,你是否參加了「三分三小組」聚會?情況如何?
11. 在上個星期內,你是否給人做過示範或輔助別人開始一個新的「三分三小組」?請分享過程。
12. 問組員他們在你身上是否看到任何阻擾跟隨基督的行事表現?
13. 在上個星期內,你是否有機會分享福音?請分享過程。
14. 用一至三分鐘練習「我的故事」與「神的故事」。
15. 你可以邀請誰來參加下個星期的小組聚會?如果小組有四個或超過四個人,就擴充為第二個小組。
16. 一起為以上所分享的事項做結束禱告。

信主前
[兩分鐘]

  • 你的生命在相信耶穌之前是如何的。

經歷主
[兩分鐘]

  • 你如何經歷耶穌或你為何選擇跟隨耶穌。

信主後
[兩分鐘]

  • 你的生命在相信耶穌之後有何改變。

耶穌上船的時候,那從前被鬼附著的人懇求和耶穌同在。耶穌不許,卻對他說:「你回家去,到你的親屬那裡,將主為你所做的是何等大的事,是怎樣憐憫你,都告訴他們。」那人就走了,在低加波利傳揚耶穌為他做了何等大的事,眾人就都希奇。
— 馬可福音 5:18-20

耶穌對他們說:「你們就是這些事的見證。」
— 路加福音 24:48

作為耶穌的跟隨者,也是耶穌的見證人,要向別人見證耶穌如何改變了我們的生命。

我的故事」— 每一個人怎樣認識神,跟神之間的關係如何,這些故事就是你的見證。而每一個人都有自己的故事。 分享你的見證就是最好的練習機會。要使你們的見證有力,不用很長,也不用講太多細節;因為把你們的見證限制在 6 分鐘左右,會讓對方有時間問問題,也有更深入交談的機會。如果擔心不知怎麼開始,那就保持越簡單越好 — 就只簡單陳述你為什麼要來跟從耶穌!神會使用你我的生命故事來改變他人生命;只是要記得 — 你就是那個講自己的故事最適合的人。

馬可福音 5:1-20 約翰福音 4:4-42 約翰福音 9:1-41

耶穌對他們說:「但聖靈降臨在你們身上,你們就必得著能力,並要在耶路撒冷、猶太全地,和撒瑪利亞,直到地極,作我的見證。」
— 使徒行傳 1:8

神的故事
耶穌非常相信祂的跟隨者並祂信任他們宣講祂的故事。然後祂就差派他們到世界各地去傳。現在此刻,祂正差派我們出去。沒有一個所謂最好的方式來傳「神的故事」— 福音,因為最好的方式將視乎於你與誰分享。每個門徒都應該學會以一種忠於神話語的方式去傳神的故事並去觸動分享的對象。

弟兄們,我如今把先前所傳給你們的福音告訴你們知道;這福音你們也領受了,又靠著站立得住,並且你們若不是徒然相信,能以持守我所傳給你們的,就必因這福音得救。我當日所領受又傳給你們的:第一,就是基督照聖經所說,為我們的罪死了,而且埋葬了;又照聖經所說,第三天復活了,並且顯給磯法看,然後顯給十二使徒看;後來一時顯給五百多弟兄看,其中一大半到如今還在,卻也有已經睡了的。以後顯給雅各看,再顯給眾使徒看,末了也顯給我看;我如同未到產期而生的人一般。
— 歌林多前書 15:1-8

三圈 佈道法

神的設計:在我們周遭都我們可以看到美麗的設計,設計的目的和設計的證據。聖經告訴我們起初神創造的世界原本就是完美的 — 世上一切和每個人都和睦相處。神創造每一個人都有一個目的 — 就是要敬拜祂並與祂同行。

神看著一切所造的都甚好。有晚上,有早晨,是第六日。
— 創世記 1:31
諸天述說神的榮耀;穹蒼傳揚他的手段。
— 詩篇 19:1

:當我們無視神和在我們生命中神原本的設計時,就不能活出真正的生命。我們的自我中心堅持用自己的方式去生活。聖經稱之為罪。我們都犯了罪並歪曲了神原本的設計。我們犯罪的後果就是與神分隔 — 在今生和永恆中。

因為世人都犯了罪,虧缺了神的榮耀
— 羅馬書 3:23
因為罪的工價乃是死
— 羅馬書 6:23a

破碎:罪會導致一切都破碎。我們從我們周遭中和我們自己的生命中也可以看到。當我們意識到不能活出生命的意義時,我們就開始四處尋找出路。我們都會走向許多的方向,嘗試不同的事物,用自己方法去解決問題。破碎會導致人去意識到需要更大的東西。

他們將神的真實變為虛謊,去敬拜事奉受造之物,不敬奉那造物的主
— 羅馬書 1:25a
有一條路,人以為正,至終成為死亡之路。
— 箴言 14:12

福音:這一刻我們需要一個挽救的方法 — 有個好消息。因為神的愛,神並沒有把我們留在我們的破碎之中。耶穌,神道成肉身,在我們中間並按照神的設計去活出真正的生命。耶穌來是為了拯救我們 — 為我們成就了我們不能為自己成就的事。祂在十字架上擔當了我們的罪和羞辱,代替我們付了罪的工價而死。不但如此,耶穌從死裡復活 — 為我們預備了拯救並與神和好的唯一道路。

神愛世人,甚至將他的獨生子賜給他們
— 約翰福音 3:16a
又塗抹了在律例上所寫攻擊我們,有礙於我們的字據,把他撤去,釘在十字架上。
— 歌羅西書 2:14

悔改 & 相信:只是聽到這個好消息是不足夠的。我們必須承認我們是破碎有罪的並且不再信靠自己。我們沒有能力可以自己逃離這破碎。我們需要被拯救。我們必須要求神赦免我們 — 從罪轉向神並且只有信靠耶穌。這就是悔改和相信的意思。相信 — 我們透過耶穌接受新的生命並神將我們的生命轉向新的方向。

「你們當悔改,信福音!」
— 馬可福音 1:15b
你們得救是本乎恩,也因著信;這並不是出於自己,乃是神所賜的;也不是出於行為,免得有人自誇。
— 以弗所書 2:8-9
你若口裡認耶穌為主,心裡信神叫他從死裡復活,就必得救。
— 羅馬書 10:9

和好 & 追求:當神恢復與我們和好的關係時,我們開始會發現在這個破碎世界中的意義和目的。現在就可以在我們生命中的所有層面上竭力追求神的設計。即使我們跌倒,我們也明白神拯救的道路 — 這就是同一個耶穌的好消息。神的靈使我們能夠追求祂的設計並應許我們在今生和永生中祂常與我們同在。

因為你們立志行事都是神在你們心裡運行,為要成就他的美意。
— 腓立比書 2:13
我們原是他的工作,在基督耶穌裡造成的,為要叫我們行善,就是神所預備叫我們行的。
— 以弗所書 2:10

我應該做什麼:既然你已經聽到這個好消息,神希望你回應祂。你現在就可以憑信心禱告接受基督。禱告是與神對話。將你的心與神的心直接傾談。現在就可以作出以下的禱告讓基督赦免你得並且按照祂的應許進入你的生命之中。

主耶穌,對不起,我需要祢。請祢赦免我所有的過錯。請祢進入我的生命,並且從今以後帶領我。我盡我所能誠心禱告。奉耶穌的名。阿們。

你若口裡認耶穌為主,心裡信神叫他從死裡復活,就必得救。
— 羅馬書 10:9
因為「凡求告主名的,就必得救。」
— 羅馬書 10:13

下一步是什麼:當我們開始新的旅程時,聖經告訴我們如何追求神。祂已經有一個健康關係的設計。
讀經:聖經是所神默示的話讓你知道如何追求祂。(腓立比書 4:6-7)
禱告:神希望你與祂對話傾談你的一切重要事物。(彼得前書 2:2)
教會:教會是神的家去幫助你學習天天與祂同行。(約翰福音 13:34-35)
分享:既然你已經歷過這個好消息,分享給他人。(羅馬書 10:14-17)

但記這些事要叫你們信耶穌是基督,是神的兒子,並且叫你們信了他,就可以因他的名得生命。
— 約翰福音 20:31
「你們要先求他的國和他的義,這些東西都要加給你們了。」
— 馬太福音 6:33
你們既然接受了主基督耶穌,就當遵他而行
— 歌羅西書 2:6

福音手機程式

三圈

手機程式:Life Conversation Guide

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福音橋

手機程式:Share Your Faith

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For He Himself is our peace, who has made the two groups one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, by setting aside in His flesh the law with its commands and regulations. His purpose was to create in Himself one new humanity out of the two, thus making peace, and in one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross, by which He put to death their hostility. He came and preached peace to you who were far away and peace to those who were near. For through Him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.
— Ephesians 2:14-18

We need to equip every disciple to view the world through two sets of lenses.

TWO FOCAL LENSES:
• 1st Lens: ONGOING RELATIONSHIPS (LIST OF 100) — people with whom we interact on a regular basis — family, friends, neighbors, co-workers and classmates.
• 2nd Lens: WORLD BEYOND (PERSON OF PEACE) — people with whom we don’t interact on a regular basis — every tribe, tongue, people and nation.

Every time when we contact with someone, if they are pointed away from Him, help them to turn towards Christ. But if they are pointed toward Christ, help them to increase their faithfulness, increase their passion for Christ, increase the magnitude of their love for Him. This is a good guide how we can be relating to any person that’s in our network of relationships and beyond.

關注名單

例. 名字 ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 不清楚
 
1. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
2. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
3. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
4. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚
5. ☐ 信徒 ☐ 非信徒 ☐ 不清楚

耶穌說:「我不但為這些人祈求,也為那些因他們的話信我的人祈求 」
— 約翰福音 17:20

耶穌順著加利利的海邊走,看見西門和西門的兄弟安得烈在海裡撒網;他們本是打魚的。耶穌對他們說:「來跟從我,我要叫你們得人如得魚一樣。」他們就立刻捨了網,跟從了他。耶穌稍往前走,又見西庇太的兒子雅各和雅各的兄弟約翰在船上補網。耶穌隨即招呼他們,他們就把父親西庇太和雇工人留在船上,跟從耶穌去了。
— 馬可福音 1:16-20

百人名单」是一个简单的工具用來協助你在自己的人際關係上多盡責任。神已經為我們在生命中安排了一些跟我們有關係的人,讓我們可以做到「去,使人做主的門徒」,這些人就是我們的家人、朋友、鄰居、同事以及同學,也就是那些我們熟識的人,還有我們剛認識的人。用心關注這些人,就是使門徒倍增最好的開始, 讓我們從建立名單做起,展開這簡單的第一步。

編寫名單 — 寫下需要聽到福音的一百個人(家人,朋友,鄰居,同事和同學)的名字。每個星期為五個人禱告,並邀請他們於尋求神的過程中踏出下一步。在「百人名單」上的人,必須是你們能夠聯繫,而且你們之間仍然有來往,或者很熟識的人。

面對非信徒或不清楚背景的人,可以分享「我的故事」/「神的故事」或 邀請他們參加一個守望互勉小組或 三分三組。如果你發現他們已經是基督徒或他們剛成為基督徒,可以挑戰他們開始一個三分三組並提出願意栽培他們。

面對信徒,可以挑戰他們開始一個三分三組並提出願意栽培他們。同時亦鼓勵他們開始一個守望互勉小組。讓他們也填寫自己的「關注名單」並關注名單上的人。

Person of Peace

Luke 10:
v4 – does not waste time
v5 – opens his door to you
v6 – receives your blessing and shows interest
v7 – opens his house to you / hospitable
v7 – offers to sustain you in some way

Matthew 10:
v13 – he is worthy
v13 – has influence in his home
v14 – receives you
v14 – hears your words

The Sent One

Luke 10:
v2 – prays for laborers
v3 – goes with danger all around
v4 – leaves behind bags
v5 – gives greeting
v6 – if favorable response, give blessing
v7 – fellowship with them
v9 – ask God for healing where needed
v9 – minister to them
v9 – proclaim the words of the Kingdom
v10 – if no response, announce protest, then leave

Matthew 10:
v5-6 – goes where God sends
v11 – inquire / search / identify
v11 – spend time with the candidate
v12 – give greeting
v13 – gives blessing
v14 – proclaim words of the Kingdom
v14 – if you are not received then leave

SUMMARY:
1. Pray for laborers.
2. Go where God sends you.
3. Enter a place or area proclaiming the Kingdom.
4. Do not waste time.
5. Inquire with discernment.
6. Visit the Person of Peace candidate & engage him and family if possible.
7. Give greetings & ask spiritual interest questions.
8. If there is a favorable response, give blessing & ask evangelistic questions.
9. Spend time with the candidate and their family.
10. Fellowship with them and discern. Proclaim Kingdom Words and the Gospel.
11. Minister to them.
12. Always be bold and truthful.
13. If there is no response, announce protest, and then leave.

FILTERS FOR THE PERSON OF PEACE:
1. Welcoming.
2. Hungry for Spiritual Things.
3. Opens their family / group / community to spiritual things.

PRACTICAL FILTERS:
1. They are open when you make spiritual statements.
2. They respond with spiritual statements.
3. They ask questions of you (not just tell you their opinion but want to know yours).
4. They respond to your invitation to open their “oikos” (Greek word for “household”) to directly learn from God’s Word.

路加福音 10:1-12 馬太福音 10:5-16

勸你,第一要為萬人懇求、禱告、代求、祝謝;為君王和一切在位的,也該如此,使我們可以敬虔、端正、平安無事的度日。這是好的,在神我們救主面前可蒙悅納。他願意萬人得救,明白真道。
— 提摩太前書 2:1-4

步行禱告」是一種簡單的禱告方式,學習順服神要我們為他人禱告的命令。按字面就知道 — 是「一面走路,一面禱告」的意思。不是指平常我們閉上眼睛、低頭禱告,而是要張開眼睛來看我們身邊的需要,然後受感動謙卑地求神來做工,改變情況。可以兩三個人為一小組,來做行走禱告;也可以各自分開來,邊走邊禱告。如果是以小組進行,可以每個人試著開口大聲禱告,就像跟神對話,把所見所聞所感受的告訴祂。如果是各自分開走,就邊看邊默禱,偶然在路上遇到合適的人,也可以邀請他一起禱告。

步行禱告時,知道如何禱告的方法:
觀察:你看到什麼?
考察:你了解多少?
感動:聖靈可能會感動你或把一個想法帶進你的心思意念。
經文:聖靈可能會把一節經文放在你的心裡。

步行禱告時,尋找可以禱告的地方:
政府機關:法院、立法機構、執法機構。
禱告求神保守這些機構,政府首長有由神而來的智慧行使公義。
商務貿易:金融中心、購物中心。
禱告求神讓他們有合神心意的投資,以及良好的資源管理禱告,為經濟正義與機會禱告,並求神祝福那些把人放在利益之前、恩待別人的人。
教育單位:學校、行政機構、職業訓練中心、社區大學、大學院校。
禱告求神讓合神心意的師長教的合乎神的真理,同時保護學生的心思意念不被謊言歪理迷惑。 也求神讓這些地方教育出有智慧的公民,謙恭又能幹。
傳播媒體:廣播電台、電視台、報社。
禱告求神的救恩及信徒的見證,能在各城市以及全世界廣傳,福音訊息也經由屬神的媒體傳送給世上萬民,各地都因此看到神手所做的工。
屬靈場所:教堂、清真寺、廟宇。
禱告求神讓每一位尋求精神慰藉的人,都能在耶穌裡找到平安與安慰,而不是受迷惑被假宗教誤導。

步行禱告時,為遇到的人禱告的方法 —「B.L.E.S.S. 祝福禱告」:
身體方面 BODY:健康狀況 — 保守、力量、醫治。
事業方面 LABOR:工作狀況 — 財務、保障、指引。
情感方面 EMOTIONAL:情緒狀況 — 喜樂、和平、安慰。
社交方面 SOCIAL:人際關係 — 忍耐、恩慈、愛心。
屬靈方面 SPIRITUAL:救恩需要 — 信心、盼望、恩典。

步行禱告時,專注可以禱告的主題:
• 關於基督:宣告耶穌是神和人中間的一位中保並且是所有人的救贖。宣稱耶穌為這社區和你所看見的生命之主。
• 關於領導者:為一切在位的人而禱告 — 為教師,警察,行政人員和家長而禱告。
• 關於和平:為神子民的敬虔和聖潔而哭求,以致有實質和平的增加。為建立新教會而禱告。
• 關於真理:公開宣告神只有一位是鐵一般的事實。為人的心眼不再被撒但所蒙蔽而禱告,以致他們能夠明白真理。
• 關於福音:為神的心願意萬人得救而讚美祂。求天國將今年指定為一個 “合適的時間” 重新賜給簡單的力量去見證基督。為特定的人而提名禱告。
• 關於神的祝福:為所有人代禱而獻上感恩。為神所當得的因祂的良善賜給你經過的每個家而獻上感恩。求神帶來持久的屬靈醒覺。
• 關於教會:求在人際關係中得到醫治,並在神的子民中間沒有憤怒或分歧。求神使祂的子民不論男女都以生命閃亮和聖潔生活作為敬拜。求我們的敬拜以聖徒在社區中行善的力量作為裝飾。

When they heard about the resurrection of the dead, some of them sneered, but others said, “We want to hear you again on this subject.” At that, Paul left the Council. Some of the people became followers of Paul and believed.
— Acts 17:32-34

If we get out into the harvest and share the gospel abundantly, some will reject the message, some will be curious to learn more and some will repent and believe — Jesus said that the harvest was plentiful after all.

STOPLIGHT — a helpful way to think about the four responses is to think about a stop light with its red, yellow and green lights. As you begin to share the gospel regularly with friends, family and strangers, there are several predictable responses you will receive to your efforts. While it is helpful to understand the four main responses to a gospel presentation, what is more helpful is to know how we can respond to those responses.

SEEKING PERSON OF PEACE



GUIDELINES
• Two by two.
• Pray for workers.
• Do not take anything.
• Give greetings and blessing of peace.
• Eat and drink whatever they provide.
• Do not move from house to house.
• Pray for healing.
• Proclaim the words.


BLESSING
Knock on neighbor’s door and offer a blessing of peace prayer.

QUESTIONS:
NEIGHBOR — Hey there, we are here to get to know our neighbors today by blessing and praying for people. How can I pray for you today?

RED LIGHT:
• That’s awesome that you are doing so good and don’t need any of God’s help.
• Do you know anyone nearby who needs prayer?

YELLOW LIGHT:
MIRACLE — If God could do a miracle on you or your life today, what would that be?
PEACE — Is there one thing that God could bring more peace to you, your life, your family or your house?
HEALING — Is there anything that you need healing from God?

GREEN LIGHT:
Ask a few specific questions about their prayer requests and pray for them immediately.


THEIR STORY
Ask the person you are talking with to share about their spiritual journey.

QUESTIONS:
• Tell me are you far or near to God? Why do you feel that way?
• Tell me your spiritual background?
• Tell me your Jesus’ story? How did you get saved?
• Is there a moment in time you started your relationship with Jesus?


MY STORY
Share ‘My Story’ shaped your testimony around their experience.

QUESTIONS:
• Would you like to experience the same love / joy / peace of Jesus?


GOD'S STORY
Share ‘God’s Story’ in a way that connects with their world-view, values and priorities.

QUESTIONS:
• How about I show you anyway?
• Do you have a pen and paper that I can draw a simple diagram?
• Would it be okay if I draw this in your home?
• Would you like to accept Jesus today?


FOLLOW-UP
Ask for the next step and setup follow up meeting to share ‘Story of Hope’.

QUESTIONS:
• When can we come back and share more to you?
• Would you like us to come back and share more to learn about Jesus?
• Would you like to be trained and do the Great Commission to make disciples?

FOUR RESPONSES to the gospel:
RED LIGHT is when the person you are trying to connect with simply says no. They may say it with a door closed in your face. They may yell at you. Most often they politely let you know that they aren’t interested in where the conversation is going. Of the hundreds of doors I have knocked on to offer prayer and look for opportunities to share the gospel, I have never been yelled at, never been beaten up and, as of yet, I’ve never been stabbed. Most red lights have been pretty gentle. They have been red, but they have been civil.
YELLOW LIGHT is when you begin to share with someone who is interested. Something you’ve said or done has struck a chord. They recognize some need they have but they just aren’t sure or they’re just not ready to jump into giving Jesus lordship over their lives. They often welcome prayer and are encouraged by scripture and if you ask, they’ll be more than willing to have you stop back by again. They haven’t said yes to Jesus, but they haven’t said no either.
GREEN LIGHT is when God leads you to someone who He has prepared to hear the gospel. In John 6:44, Jesus tells his disciples that no one comes to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. This person has been drawn by God to Jesus and when you share the gospel with them, they say yes.
CHRISTIAN is the final person you’ll run into as you share the gospel. They are already a Christian and are trusting in Jesus for their salvation.

FOUR WAYS we can respond:
RED LIGHT: So the person you are talking with makes it known that they really aren’t interested in hearing about the good news of Jesus. They shut the conversation down. They close the door. Move on. Say a prayer of blessing as you leave, and move on. The God prepared person is out there and so we keep moving, keep proclaiming, keep offering prayers, keep searching for the person who God is calling to Jesus. If this is a person from your relational network (family, friend, neighbor or co-worker), then you begin to pray every day for them and you wait for the Holy Spirit to move. As much as you might want to “shake the dust from your shoes”, God has placed you in their lives for a reason and your only response can be patient, persevering love and prayer.
YELLOW LIGHT: Most of the people you interact with will most likely exhibit yellow light responses. They won’t say no. They have some interest – perhaps in the message, perhaps just in you. And so if you’ve ministered to someone in prayer and in sharing the gospel, ask if you can stop back by their house in a week to visit some more. You may ask them if they would be willing to get their friends and family together to discover what the Bible has to say about living a life of purpose, peace and joy. I rarely ask anyone to come to church. Most won’t. But many are open to studying the Bible in their own homes. Start a discovery Bible study using a series of stories that leads them from Creation to Christ or perhaps helps them discover Jesus in the scriptures. Most of our new far from God friends have not rejected Jesus. They’ve rejected an idea they have created in their minds about what a Christian is. Most of us would reject that idea too! By taking them to the stories of Jesus we allow them to discover Jesus for themselves. Discovery Bible Study allows you to do this and is a great way to respond to our yellow light friends.
GREEN LIGHT: Sometimes we’ll begin sharing and discover that the person is immediately ready to put their faith in Jesus. It’s as if they’ve been waiting for someone to share with them! If you have the privilege and joy to be used by God to help someone step into a new life in Christ your job is to immediately begin to train them to be a disciple of Jesus. First train them how to share with their friends and family. Then set a regular time to begin to walk with them through a short term discipleship plan. If they are ready and you have freedom, baptize them immediately like we see in scripture. It is your job to help them become a disciple who has the tools to grow into maturity and to help others do the same.
CHRISTIAN: When you find yourself sharing with someone who is a Christian, take them to Matthew 28:18-20 to cast vision for disciple making and then invite them into the harvest. First train them how to share with their friends and family. Then set a regular time to begin to walk with them through a short term discipleship plan so that they will be able to walk those they lead to faith through the same plan.

回望
[三分之一的時間]

  • 關懷
    :你有什麼感恩可以分享?
    :你有什麼掙扎可以分享?
  • 問責
    分享你實踐行動的經歷:
    — 遵守 • 教導 • 分享
  • 使命
    大誡命 — 太 22:37-40
    大使命 — 太 28:18-20 • 徒 1:8
問責

仰望
[三分之一的時間]

  • 禱告
    簡要地禱告並求神教導你。
  • 讀經
    閱讀這段經文並用你自己的話敍述。
  • 討論
    喜歡:這段經文你最喜歡哪一節?
    難明:這段經文你不明白哪一節?
    :這段經文如何教導關於「人」?
    :這段經文如何教導關於「神」?
知識

前望
[三分之一的時間]

  • 行動
    遵守:你要如何遵守這段經文?
    教導:你要與誰教導這段經文?
    分享:你要與誰分享
    — 「我的故事」或「神的故事」?
  • 練習
    練習你所立志的行動。
  • 代禱
    互相為對方代求禱告。
順服

簡單的流程 • 聖經是教材 • 聖靈是教師 • 順服是首要 • 倍增的果效

一個簡約的聚會模式 —「三分三組」— 將聚會時間分成三個部分,讓我們可以實踐遵守耶穌所吩咐的命令。

耶穌說:「因為無論在那裡,有兩三個人奉我的名聚會,那裡就有我在他們中間。」
— 馬太福音 3:16-17

聖經都是神所默示的,於教訓督責使人歸正教導人學義都是有益的,叫屬神的人得以完全,預備行各樣的善事。
— 提摩太後書 3:16-17

回望問責 — 預備行
仰望知識 — 教訓 & 督責
前望順服 — 使人歸正 & 教導人

希望系列 — 適合慕道朋友。
1. 犯罪者的希望 — 路加福音 18:9-14
2. 窮乏者的希望 — 路加福音 12:13-34
3. 離家者的希望 — 路加福音 15:11-32
4. 失喪者的希望 — 路加福音 19:1-10
5. 哀慟者的希望 — 約翰福音 11:1-44
6. 尋道者的希望 — 約翰福音 3:1-21

神蹟系列 — 適合慕道朋友。
1. 變水為酒 — 約翰福音 2:1-12
2. 大臣之子 — 約翰福音 4:46-54
3. 癱子行走 — 約翰福音 5:1-17
4. 五餅二魚 — 約翰福音 6:1-14
5. 海面上走 — 約翰福音 6:15-25
6. 瞎子看見 — 約翰福音 9:1-41
7. 死人復活 — 約翰福音 11:1-46

起步系列 — 適合初信者或從未參與過類似小組聚會的基督徒。
1. 我的故事 — 馬可福音 5:1-20
2. 神的故事 — 歌林多前書 15:1-8, 羅馬書 3:23, 6:23
3. 得人如魚 — 馬可福音 1:16-20
4. 信而受洗 — 羅馬書 6:3-4, 使徒行傳 8:26-40
5. 聖經話語 — 提摩太後書 3:14-16
6. 向神禱告 — 馬太福音 6:9-13
7. 面對困難 — 使徒行傳 5:17-42, 馬太福音 5:43-44
8. 成為教會 — 使徒行傳 2:42-47, 歌林多前書 11:23-34

主命系列 — 適合初信者或需要專注門徒訓練的組别。

遵行主命 — 學習遵守耶穌的基本命令。持續向「百人名單」上的人分享耶穌。
1. 知而即行 — 約翰福音 14:15-21
2. 悔改 • 相信 • 跟隨 — 馬可福音 1:14-17, 以弗所書 2:1-10
3. 信而受洗 — 馬太福音 28:19, 使徒行傳 8:26-38
4. 愛神愛人 — 路加福音 10:25-37

遵行主命 II — 學習遵守耶穌的基本命令。持續向「百人名單」上的人分享耶穌。
1. 與神對話 — 馬太福音 6:9-13
2. 擘餅念主 — 路加福音 22:14-20, 歌林多前書 11:23-32
3. 凡物公用 — 使徒行傳 4:32-37
4. 傳承使命 — 馬太福音 28:18-20

剛強系列 — 適合初信者或需要專注門徒訓練的組别。

傳承使命 — 建立門徒。把所學的傳給別人。再教導這些人也要繼續傳下去。
1. 尋找門徒 — 提摩太後書 1:1-14
2. 薪火相傳 — 提摩太後書 2:1-4,14-16
3. 樹立榜樣 — 提摩太後書 3:1-17
4. 面對困難 — 提摩太後書 4:1-22

倍增小組 — 讓所帶領的門徒成立新的小組。
1. 開始計劃 — 路加福音 10:1-11
2. 同心合意 — 使徒行傳 2:14-47
3. 和平之子 — 馬可福音 5:1-20, 6:53-56
4. 撒種收割 — 馬太福音 13:1-9,18-23

帶領小組 — 學習如何帶領三分三組。
1. 正面示範 (要這樣帶領) — 約翰福音 13:1-17
2. 負面示範 (別這樣帶領) — 約翰三書 5-14
3. 輔助之例 — 馬可福音 4:35-41
4. 守護之例 — 路加福音 10:1-11,17,20
5. 放手之例 — 馬太福音 25:14-30

立好根基 — 學習門徒聚會最重要的是什麼?
1. 耶穌居首 — 腓立比書 2:1-11
2. 與神對話 — 馬太福音 6:9-13
3. 彼此相愛 — 希伯來書 10:23-25
4. 聖經話語 — 提摩太後書 3:10-17

立志跟隨 — 學習剛強壯膽並持續到底跟隨耶穌。
1. 逃避主命 — 約拿書 1
2. 立志委身 — 約拿書 2
3. 回轉順服 — 約拿書 3
4. 跟隨到底 — 約拿書 4
5. 非用即失 — 馬太福音 25:14-30

要去系列 — 適合需要專注門徒訓練的組别。

你們要去:本地 — 學習如何傳福音到本地本鄉。
1. 你們要去本地本鄉 — 使徒行傳 1:1-8
2. 賙濟窮人分享福音 — 路加福音 7:11-23
3. 去到神所差遣之處 — 使徒行傳 10:9-48
4. 有計劃有方向地去 — 使徒行傳 13:1-3,32-33,38-39, 14:21-23,26-27

你們要去:世界 — 學習如何傳福音到地極。
1. 你們要去直到地極 — 使徒行傳 1:1-8, 馬太福音 28:19-20
2. 去到神所差遣之處 — 使徒行傳 8:26-38
3. 神愛世上所有族群 — 約翰福音 4:4-30,39-41
4. 有計劃有方向地去 — 使徒行傳 13:1-3,32-33,38-39, 14:21-23,26-27

認識系列 — 適合需要知道聖經背景和熟悉聖經的組别。

認識上帝 — 認識上帝是誰?祂是怎樣的神?
1. 神創造天地 — 創世記 1
2. 神創造人類 — 創世記 2
3. 人不順服神 — 創世記 3
4. 挪亞與洪水 — 創世記 6:5-8:14
5. 神應許挪亞 — 創世記 8:15-9:17
6. 神與亞伯拉罕立約 — 創世記 12:1-7, 15:1-6
7. 立大衛為王 — 撒母耳記上 16:1-13, 撒母耳記下 7:1-28
8. 大衛王與拔示巴 — 撒母耳記下 11:1-27
9. 拿單的故事 — 撒母耳記下 12:1-25
10. 神應許拯救 — 以賽亞書 53

認識耶穌 — 認識耶穌是誰?祂為什麼來到世上?
1. 救主降生 — 馬太福音 1:18-25
2. 耶穌受洗 — 馬太福音 3:7-9, 13-15
3. 鬼附得醫 — 馬可福音 5:1-20
4. 尋找迷羊 — 約翰福音 10:1-30
5. 瞎子看見 — 路加福音 18:31-42
6. 撒該遇主 — 路加福音 19:1-9
7. 馬太蒙召 — 馬太福音 9:9-13
8. 唯一道路 — 約翰福音 14:1-15
9. 聖靈降臨 — 約翰福音 16:5-15
10. 最後晚餐 — 路加福音 22:14-20
11. 被捕受審 — 路加福音 22:47-53, 23:13-24
12. 十架受死 — 路加福音 23:33-56
13. 死裡復活 — 路加福音 24:1-7,36-47, 使徒行傳 1:1-11
14. 相信實踐 — 腓立比書 3:3-9

耶穌對銀庫坐著,看眾人怎樣投錢入庫。有好些財主往裡投了若干的錢。有一個窮寡婦來,往裡投了兩個小錢,就是一個大錢。耶穌叫門徒來,說:「我實在告訴你們,這窮寡婦投入庫裡的,比眾人所投的更多。因為,他們都是自己有餘,拿出來投在裡頭;但這寡婦是自己不足,把他一切養生的都投上了。」
— 馬可福音 12:41-44

少種的少收,多種的多收,這話是真的。各人要隨本心所酌定的,不要作難,不要勉強,因為捐得樂意的人是神所喜愛的。神能將各樣的恩惠多多的加給你們,使你們凡事常常充足,能多行各樣善事。
— 歌林多後書 9:6-8

萬軍之耶和華說:「你們要將當納的十分之一全然送入倉庫,使我家有糧,以此試試我,是否為你們敞開天上的窗戶,傾福與你們,甚至無處可容。」
— 瑪拉基書 3:10

哥林多後書 9



CHANNEL NETWORK
網上奉獻

耶穌說:「所以,你們要去,使萬民作我的門徒,奉父、子、聖靈的名給他們施洗。」
— 馬太福音 28:19

豈不知我們這受洗歸入基督耶穌的人是受洗歸入他的死麼?所以,我們藉著洗禮歸入死,和他一同埋葬,原是叫我們一舉一動有新生的樣式,像基督藉著父的榮耀從死裡復活一樣。
— 羅馬書 6:3-4

洗禮」,或說「浸禮」,原文是 βαπτίζω — 意思是完全濕透或者是沉在水面下 — 像在染布一樣,把布浸在水裡,拿出來後顏色完全轉變。所以洗禮象徵我們原來的生命,沉浸在耶穌的樣式裡,轉變成順服神的生命。 是我們對罪而死 — 正如耶穌已經為我們的罪而死; 是把我們舊生命埋葬了 — 正如耶穌被埋葬; 是我們在基督裡重生了新生命 — 正如耶穌從死裡復活現在仍然活著。

• 找一個有水的地方,能讓新信主的門徒全身浸在水裡,不論是池塘、河流、湖邊或者是海灘,也可以使用浴缸或其他的盛水方式。

• 讓受洗的門徒雙手抓住你一隻手臂,再用你另一隻手扶在他們的背後。

• 問以下的問題,確定他們瞭解並對當下所做的決定有把握:

• [受洗者的名字]
• 「你是否相信耶穌基督,並且接受祂成為你的個人救主?」
• 「你是否願意順服耶穌,並且一生跟隨祂為你的王,甚至經歷苦難、遭受逼迫或死亡?」

• 如果他們對以上的問題都回答:「是的」「我相信 / 我願意」,就接著說:

• 「既然你宣告相信並且接受主耶穌,現在我奉聖父、聖子、聖靈的名為你施洗。」

• 幫助他下到水裡面,全身浸到水裡,再把他拉上來。

使徒行傳 8:26-40

我是從天上降下來生命的糧;人若吃這糧,就必永遠活著。我所要賜的糧就是我的肉,為世人之生命所賜的。
— 約翰福音 6:51

聖餐」或者「主的晚餐」,是要來慶祝我們與耶穌之間親密持久的連結關係。

• 大家以耶穌的跟隨者身分聚集在一起,花點時間靜默,思想、認罪。請讀以下經文:
我當日傳給你們的,原是從主領受的,就是主耶穌被賣的那一夜,拿起餅來,祝謝了,就擘開,說:「這是我的身體,為你們捨的,你們應當如此行,為的是記念我。」
— 歌林多前書 11:23-24

• 把預備好的聖餐餅傳下去,然後各自默禱領用。接著再讀:
飯後,也照樣拿起杯來,說:「這杯是用我的血所立的新約,你們每逢喝的時候,要如此行,為的是記念我。」
— 歌林多前書 11:25

• 再把預備好的葡萄汁或葡萄酒傳下去,然後各自默禱飲用。 最後讀以下經文作結束:
你們每逢吃這餅,喝這杯,是表明主的死,直等到他來。
— 歌林多前書 11:26

• 如此大家一起擘餅飲杯守這聖餐,以禱告或唱詩來歡慶!你們已經一起守了聖餐,你們屬祂,祂也屬你們!

路加福音 22:7-20 哥林多前書 11:17-34

於是領受他話的人就受了洗。那一天,門徒約添了三千人,都恆心遵守使徒的教訓彼此交接擘餅祈禱。眾人都懼怕;使徒又行了許多奇事神蹟。信的人都在一處,凡物公用;並且賣了田產,家業,照各人所需用的分給各人。他們天天同心合意恆切的在殿裡,且在家中擘餅,存著歡喜、誠實的心用飯,讚美神,得眾民的喜愛。主將得救的人天天加給他們。
— 使徒行傳 2:41-47

教會元素:作為一個教會我們做什麼?
敬拜 (v47) — 約翰福音 4:19-26, 馬太福音 4:10
讀經 (v42) — 馬太福音 4:4, 約翰福音 6:63, 希伯來書 4:12
禱告 (v42) — 馬太福音 6:5-15
相交 (v42,44,46) — 帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:11, 希伯來書 10:23-25
傳福音 (v41) — 羅馬書 10:14-17, 路加福音 24:48
奉獻 (v45) — 馬可福音 12:41-44, 使徒行傳 4:32-37
施洗 (v41) — 使徒行傳 8:26-40, 羅馬書 6:3-4, 馬太福音 28:19
主餐 (v42,46) — 路加福音 22:7-20, 歌林多前書 11:17-34
領袖 (v42) — 使徒行傳 6:1-7, 使徒行傳 14:23

如果你們小組委身承諾成為一個教會,就把圓圈的虛線畫成實線。而且你們常常操練以上的元素,就把那些元素畫進圓圈裡;若是還沒做到,或者還得等外面的人來帶你們,那就把那些元素畫在圓圈外面。

你在許多見證人面前聽見我所教訓的,也要交託那忠心能教導別人的人
— 提摩太後書 2:2

培訓循環」幫助門徒從一個走到多個,把任務帶到循環不息。

隨著信徒在各方面上越來越熟練,幫助他們了解培訓循環的各個階段是非常重要的,讓他們知道當開始建立新信徒或新教會時,何時及如何過渡,從示範,到輔助,到守護,到放手。這是一個自然的過程,他們也可以幫助其他人在個人及整個教會上成長邁向成熟。

M.A.W.L 培訓循環:

示範 MODEL — 就像小孩子學踩單車需要人踩給他看,這就是「示範」階段:
示範就是簡單做一個榜樣,讓人知道怎麼做、怎麼跟著操練使用那個工具。通常示範階段是培訓循環裡面需時最短的部分;只需要做一次就夠了,目的只是要讓人知道有這些方法可使用,並大概了解操作方式。重複示範並無法有效地幫助人學會,他們需要自己親自去嘗試、練習才剛學到技能。

輔助 ASSIST — 就像家長在旁邊扶著車子幫小孩子保持平衡學踩單車,這就是「輔助」階段:
輔助是讓學習者練習他們的技能,所需的時間比示範階段要長。輔導者在這階段要提供一些扶助,而且主動指導學習者。這個階段,不需要做到使學習者完全掌握技能訣竅,只要幫他們理解技能的基本概念;因為如果這個階段持續得太久,學習者反而會依賴輔導者,很難進步到運用自如的程度。在輔助階段最後要達到的目標是,學習者要能夠開始自己做給旁人看。

守護 WATCH — 就像家長在一旁觀察孩子學踩單車,就是要看著他可以真正掌握技能訣竅,直到他們可以自行上路、平穩前進,這就是「守護」階段:
守護是需時最久的階段,輔導者面對面幫學習者的機會減少,力求學習者自行發展各方面的能力,直到能夠上手勝任的程度。所以花的時間很可能是示範期跟輔助期加起來的十倍之久。等到學習者技能越來越純熟,他和輔導者碰面的次數,就會慢慢不固定,只要根據情況機動安排就行了。到了這個階段,學習者在技能的運用,幾乎可以挑起更多的責任,甚而熱心主動去做。用在門徒訓練上,評量是不是達到這階段的尾聲,就是看學習者否很主動又準確地把技能傳遞給他自己參與帶領輔導的下一代,甚至再下一代的小組成員。

放手 LEAVE — 就像家長完全放手讓孩子自己踩車上路,自由自在,不再繼續督導,這就是「放手」階段:
放手就好像是畢業一樣,學習者也成為輔導者去教別人,亦師亦友同行並進。而如果輔導者與學習者恰好都在同一個區域聯絡網裡面,還可以繼續有定時的聯繫,共同參與同儕切磋的聚會。

Now in the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen (who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch) and Saul. While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.” So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off.
— Acts 13:1-3

Paul’s pattern in planting churches was an average of six months or less per church network in the Model and Assist stages, and then he would spend years even decades in the Watch stage, and then eventually he would leave and tell them he would not return and charge them to be obedient to what he trained them to do.

PART OF TWO CHURCHES — Every disciple should be involved in two churches:
HOME CHURCH: Your primary spiritual community.
NEW CHURCH: Group that you are personally investing in the Training Cycle.

Things to consider:
• Best practice is to start new churches. We go to them before asking them to come to us.
• Don’t underestimate Jesus to be with two or three gathered. Two people meeting for coffee could essentially be a “church meeting.”
• Attend two simple churches in your area for a season while modeling and assisting a new simple church’s formation in person.
• Embrace creative ways of communing — text messages or video chat.

Jesus said this is how you should pray, “Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.”
— Matthew 6:10

You, Lord, hear the desire of the afflicted; You encourage them, and You listen to their cry, defending the fatherless and the oppressed, so that mere earthly mortals will never again strike terror.
— Psalm 10:17-18

“He mocks proud mockers but shows favor to the humble and oppressed.”
— Proverbs 3:34

EYES TO SEE WHERE THE KINGDOM ISN’T

Every disciple needs to be equipped to have eyes to see where the Kingdom isn’t. We are naturally wired to look at ‘what is’ and our eyes are drawn to “what is” but not to “what isn’t”. When we pray the Lord’s Prayer — “Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven”, we are acknowledging that there is a gap between “what is” and “what God’s intent”. As citizens of the Kingdom, our job is to be concerned with closing that gap.

God has favorites — THE LAST, THE LEAST, and THE LOST. The Bible repeatedly teaches about how people treat widows, orphans, and aliens. God is highlighting the need to care for those who need the most care. We need to be concerned for where the gospel is least accessible.

Who are the people who need the good news of the Kingdom more than anyone else? Where are those people?

God loves the humble and gives grace to them. This concern for the last, the least, and the lost is to develop awareness of where the Kingdom is growing and where it is not. We need to look for opportunities to enter new places and new people groups to meet the greatest needs so that God’s Will will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

羅馬書 15:14-33

The process of multiplying disciples and simple churches is NON-SEQUENTIAL.

The mental pattern which can have tremendous impact upon the way one works or thinks about church planting is whether one thinks of the process as a series of sequential segments or as a whole. Many people consider the process of church planting as a series of sequential steps. You arrange for prayer support and begin praying yourself. You do evangelism. After people are converted, then discipleship begins. Once discipleship begins or initial discipleship is completed, some people even put in a proving period, which is definitely not biblical. But at the end of either the discipleship or the proving period the converts are baptized. Then there is a step by which the church is actually planted. After the church is planted, you begin to develop leaders.

It is far more helpful to realize that what is done from the very first contact with an unbeliever has implications and effects on discipleship, church planting, leadership development, and ongoing approaches toward spiritual matters. For instance, if the approach taken during evangelism and discipleship is a one-way monologue from a knower to a person who is ignorant, it is not participative or interactive. It implies that one person is a giver and the other person is a receiver. Then the result will be people who do not view themselves as capable of leadership. It will also affect the nature of church life. Such patterns established early on can be difficult to break down later. You can inadvertently set up many barriers and roadblocks to growth and development, either in individual disciples or in churches, by the approaches you may take in the evangelism and discipleship process or the timing of leadership development. You can be developing leadership from the moment you begin interacting with an unbeliever who is going to be converted. You can be affecting the nature of the church which will be planted by whether you approach things from an individual basis or a group basis. There are many applications to this principle.

We are pursuing simultaneous rather than sequential church planting qualities: One process. Vision casting, pre-evangelism, evangelism, discipleship, church planting, leadership development, and gospel movement cultivation can all happen at the same time during the same process if we focus our energy and time on putting into practice the disciple making best practices. All of the seven fields can happen at the same time when birthed and bathed in prayer. Discipleship multiplication DNA is built into the pre-evangelism process, so that you’re viewing everyone as a potential trainer of trainers. The resources are in the harvest field! Let’s not forget that the laborers we are praying for are most likely already in the harvest fields waiting to be told the gospel and trained to be trainers.

BOUNDED SET
CENTERED SET

Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us, fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. For the joy set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
— Hebrews 12:1-2

BOUNDED SET: This type of set is static — it’s all about BOUNDARY. Christians are those who affirm right beliefs and practice right behaviors; and those who don’t aren’t . The attractional church is a bounded set. That is, it is a set of people clearly marked off from those who do not belong to it. Churches thus mark themselves in a variety of ways. Have a church membership roll is an obvious one. This mechanism determines who’s ‘in’ and who’s ‘out’.

CENTERED SET: This type of set is dynamic — it’s all about MOVEMENT in a particular direction. Christians are those moving toward Jesus, rather than away from Him. The missional-incarnational church is a centered set. This means that rather than drawing a border to determine who belongs and who doesn’t, a centered set is defined by it’s core values, and people are not seen as ‘in’ or ‘out’, but as closer or further away from the center. In that sense, there is no ‘in’ or ‘out’ because there is no ‘circle’. Though some people are close to the center and others far from it, everyone is potentially part of the community in it’s broadest sense.

Put our focus less on whether someone is inside or outside of faith in Jesus; and more on whether someone is moving toward or away from Jesus. On where someone’s arrow is pointing, as it were. Approaching faith in Jesus this way opens us up to the prospect of profound connection with just about anyone.

Jesus said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation. Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.”
— Mark 16:15-16

In the West — Time is money; in the Kingdom of God — Time is souls.

The Lord does not delight in the death of any man, but desires for all to come to repentance and for all to willingly love and worship Him. But the fact is that more than one non-Christian per second passes into a Christ-less eternity.

[Right where you are, begin snapping your fingers every second. Keep going.]

This pace does not slow down when we are sleeping, when we are at our respective jobs, in the classrooms, or while we are on vacation. One soul. Every second. Dying. And living forever in torment apart from Jesus Christ. More than one person dies every second apart from Christ, and God is robbed of his glory. That’s the pace of multiplication. That’s the reason why a disciple making multiplication strategy is so essential. Every disciple needs a place to learn, a place to lead, and the passion and urgency to help complete the Great Commission.

PACE matters. URGENCY matters.

Elephants
Only fertile four times a year
Only one baby per pregnancy
22-month gestation period
Sexual maturity: 18 years
Maximum growth potential in 3 years: from 2 to 3
Rabbits
Almost continually fertile
Average of seven babies per pregnancy
1-month gestation period
Sexual maturity: 4 months
Maximum growth potential in 3 years: from 2 to 476 million

A Church Planting Movement by definition requires rapid multiplication. Rapid multiplication can be illustrated by rabbits; slow multiplication can be illustrated by elephants.

Reproduction Rate

10 Years 60 Months 18 Months 12 Months 6 Months 4 Months
Churches 4 64 1,024 1 Million 1 Billion

The point of this illustration is to show that reproduction rate matters. It matters in churches too. If you have a reproduction rate of five years, which is sixty months, over a period of ten years you will end up with only four churches. However, if you could knock this down to a twelve month reproduction rate for a period of ten years, starting with one church, in ten years you would have one thousand twenty-four churches. If you could knock the rate down to a four-month reproduction rate and maintain that for a period of ten years, you would have one billion churches.

As in rabbits, so with churches. Very high rates of reproduction cannot be sustained over a long period of time because of the decreasing number of lost people who are accessible and many other factors. However, high reproduction rates can be maintained for a period of time. A reproduction rate of under nine months was maintained in the endvisioning case study for five years; and, since they started with three churches, they ended up with five hundred fifty churches after only five years. So fairly high reproduction rates can be maintained for a period of time.

We need to build into the DNA of every local church around the world the DNA of disciple making multiplication strategy. If we will follow the disciple making multiplication principles by putting them into practice, we can reach the whole world in one generation, around ten years.

MODERN DISCIPLESHIP STRATEGY
JESUS' DISCIPLESHIP STRATEGY

One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God. When morning came, He called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom He also designated apostles.
— Luke 6:12-13

Today — we see lead pastors/ministers who are part of a church service movement that emphasizes Sunday or weekend gatherings. These gatherings do not create the outcome (at the end of the funnel) of disciple making movements. Jesus-style disciple making model — we see Jesus created a disciple making movement that, over time, witnessed many disciples who went out and made disciples.

Jesus had thousands of followers. — Matthew 5:1-2,John 6:1-2
He had dozens of disciples. — Luke 10:1
He picked twelve to train more deeply and send out. — Matthew 10:1, Mark 6:7, Luke 9:1-2
And He had three that were with him even more often. — Matthew 17:1, Mark 5:37, 14:33, Luke 8:51

Octopus
Multiple legs to reach out in different directions
Ability to regrow lost leg but old leg is lost
Complex and specialized
Central nervous system with brain
Delicate and very sensitive to its environment
Starfish
Multiple legs to reach out in different directions
Ability to regrow lost leg and old leg will grow into a new body
Simple and non-specialized
Decentralized nervous system with no brain
Not picky to its environment

Simple church gatherings are very different from a regular small group or a cell group. Simple church is not just a Bible study—a supplement to a Sunday service—nor is it centered on a set teaching. Simple church is a real church that empowers all its members to take responsibility, support one another and share life together.

The primary difference between cell church and simple church network is in regard to structure. A cell church is hierarchical in structure, and teaching and authority flow from the top down. A simple church network is a network of autonomous simple churches which voluntarily cooperate together and submit to one another in mutual accountability. There are advantages and disadvantages to each form. The difference may perhaps best be illustrated by the difference between starfish and octopus.

Starfish represent simple churches. If you cut off the leg of a starfish, you get two starfish, and nothing is lost. With an octopus, if you cut off the leg, you get a new leg, and the old leg is lost. With a cell church the leadership level that develops in each cell is not nearly as mature as that which develops in an autonomous simple church because the cell group depend upon the hierarchy to provide regular teaching and structure and authority instead of learning to feed on scripture for themselves. So if, because of persecution or severed relationships or some other problem, the cell group breaks off from a cell church, it will typically die.

Similarly, with a starfish, if the head is destroyed, you get as many starfish as there are pieces of starfish. But, with an octopus, if the head is destroyed, the octopus is dead. In the cell church, if the senior leadership of this church is imprisoned or dies or falls into sin or some other problem, typically the church is seriously damaged or even killed. Whereas there is no problem like that with simple churches, because each unit is not reliant on the organization but is self-sufficient for feeding and growth.

Starfish are simple and non-specialized, whereas octopi are complex and specialized. This is true of cell churches and simple churches. A cell church that is complex and specialized can provide a myriad of services and opportunities which can never be offered by the simple churches because the simple churches are simple and non-specialized. They simply meet the simple, basic, straightforward needs, not the highly specialized needs. The authoritative structure in the cell church enables it to act with greater coordination than is possible with a simple church network.

One other advantage of starfish is that you can’t eliminate them even if you try. You can try chemicals or biological warfare against them, but they are very tough to eliminate. Whereas, octopi are an endangered species in areas where they come under environmental stress. This points out a fact that is true about cell churches. They are appropriate for only certain settings. They tend to be appropriate for urban settings but not rural settings and for authoritative societies but not consultative societies. Simple churches can thrive in both urban and rural settings in consultative and authoritative societies. They are much more versatile and adaptable than cell churches pattern.

ADDITION

1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000
11,000
12,000
13,000
14,000
15,000
16,000
17,000
18,000
19,000
20,000
21,000
22,000
23,000
24,000
25,000
26,000
27,000
28,000
29,000
30,000
31,000
32,000
33,000
34,000

YEAR

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

MULTIPLICATION

1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
256
512
1,024
2,048
4,096
8,192
16,384
32,768
65,536
131,072
262,144
524,288
1,048,576
2,097,152
4,194,304
8,388,608
16,777,216
33,554,432
67,108,864
134,217,728
268,435,456
536,870,912
1,073,741,824
2,147,483,648
4,294,967,296
8,589,934,592

Imagine we try to get 10 people and each starts a church of 100 people every year — which is already impossible to do. That is 1,000 people a year. In ten years, that would be 10,000 people. In thirty four years, that would be 34,000 people — which is still less than the Bay Area population 7,000,000.

If we started with just one Christian and that person made one disciple and then the following year they each went out to make one disciple and continued that pattern. That the whole world would have access to the gospel in just thirty four years! Each line is a year, and the number is the number of disciples in the scenario we described.

8,589,934,592 is greater than the world’s population 7,700,000,000 (2019). That is the power ofEXPONENTIAL growth. God’s plan for discipleship in His kingdom is not by addition, but by multiplication — new disciples make more disciples. The multiplication of disciples will result in exponential growth of God’s Kingdom.

馬太福音 13:31-33

Brothers and sisters, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for the Israelites is that they may be saved.
— Romans 10:1

PRAYER FOR THE LOST

List two or three individuals who need the Lord’s salvation. Write down the names of all those identified on the card so that all of you pray for each of the lost souls weekly. Keep this card in your Bible as a bookmark for your daily reading so that each time you open your Bible you are reminded to pray for these people.

1. Bring ________ to recognize and understand his/her emptiness and purposelessness in life. Bring ________ to the end of himself/herself so that ________ will turn to You.
2. Cause ________ to hunger and thirst for more in life.
3. Bring ________ to understand the truth of his/her condition without Christ and to understand what Christ has done for his/her salvation.
4. Bring conviction of sin. Allow the consequences of his/her sin to cause ________ to desire a different life. Let ________ become fed up with his/her life as it is.
5. Jesus, reveal the Father to ________.
6. Father, exalt Jesus in ________ eyes.
7. Father, draw ________ to Yourself and Your Son Jesus.
8. Guide and create circumstances that create a need, then show Your love through meeting needs through me or others of Your people.
9. Bring godly people into his/her life that will influence ________ for Christ.
10. Prepare circumstances in his/her relationships where a Christian (me if You choose) will have the opportunity to forgive ________ and thus reveal something of Your mercy.
11. Open ________ ears to hear Your call.
12. Allow ________ to see the unity and love of Your people in a way that ________ is convinced that Jesus must be sent from You. Convince ________ that Jesus is indeed the Savior of the world.
13. Protect ________ life to receive the planting of Your Word.
14. Protect ________ from Satan’s attempts to blind ________ and steal away the Word that has been sown.
15. Reduce the cares of the world around ________ that could choke the seed planted.
16. Raise up intercessors in behalf of ________. Guide my praying for ________.
17. Reveal to me the time and the way for me to share a witness about You and tell ________ about the good news of salvation.
18. Bring ________ under the hearing and influence of Your Word through teaching or preaching. Create in ________ and openness to listen.
19. Create opportunities for ________ to hear a witness for Christ from several different trusted sources. Use the timing and diversity of these witnesses to convince ________ that You are the Author behind them all.
20. Cause ________ to recognize his need for a Savior.
21. Lord, do whatever it takes to cause ________ to seek after You. Break the hardness of his/her heart toward You.

1. Lord, I pray that You draw ________ to Yourself. — John 6:44
2. I pray that ________ hear and believe the Word of God for what it really is. — 1 Thessalonians 2:13
3. I pray that ________ seek to know You. — Acts 17:27
4. I ask you, Lord, to prevent Satan from blinding ________ to the truth. — 2 Corinthians 4:4, 2 Timothy 2:25-26
5. Holy Spirit, I ask You to convict ________ of his/her sin and need for Christ’s redemption. — John 16:7-14
6. I ask that You send someone who will share the gospel with ________. — Matthew 9:37-38
7. I also ask that You give me or ________ the opportunity, the courage and the right words to share with ________. — Colossians 4:3-6
8. Lord, I pray that ________ turn from his/her sin and follow Christ. — Acts 17:30-31, 1 Thessalonians 1:9-10
9. Lord, I pray that ________ would put all of his/her trust in Christ. — John 1:12, 5:24
10. Lord, I pray that ________ confess Christ as Lord, take root and grow in faith and bear fruit for Your glory. — Romans 10:9-10, Colossians 2:6-7, Luke 8:15

As iron sharpens iron, so one person sharpens another.
— Proverbs 27:17

IRON ON IRON — Peer Mentoring

PURPOSE: Learning from other practitioners while addressing barriers and clarifying action steps that address barriers.
RULES: Be humble. Be patient. Be kind. Be serious. Attack the plan, not the person.
FOCUS: Do this with the lostness of your community in mind. Focus only on the barriers, not your opinions.
SCHEDULE: 60 minutes

1. REPORT (30 min):
[Assign a Facilitator and a Time Keeper to keep things on track]
PRAY
ABIDING (2 min):
Are you personally abiding in Jesus regularly?
CONFLICT (2 min):
Is there any unforgiveness in your heart or unresolved conflict on your team?
VISION (2 min):
What is the local vision you are laboring towards?
CONTEXT (2 min):
Describe your context (city, people groups, etc).
TOOLS (2 min):
Briefly share what tools you are using in each field of 4 Fields.
TIME (2 min):
Briefly share your weekly ministry rhythm/schedule of how you’re investing your time to advance the Kingdom (pray, share, disciple, church, coach).
TRAIN # (2 min):
Estimated number trained by your team/network (if applicable).
SHARE # (2 min):
Estimated daily sustained gospel shares in your city.
UPDATE # (4 min):
Share the update/story of what God is doing using generational map focusing on your most fruitful streams.
BARRIERS (10 min):
Share the barriers/obstacles you are facing on the path to multiplication of healthy, sustained disciples and churches (focus on your most fruitful streams or use Four Fields diagram to diagnose).

2. REVIEW (30 min):
[Facilitator reviews the barriers to focus solutions on. Other Participants give encouragement and suggestions]
ENCOURAGEMENT (5 min):
Give encouragement to the person who is sharing.
QUESTIONS (5 min):
Ask clarifying questions about what has been shared.
SOLUTIONS (10 min):
Discuss solutions that address barriers (scripture, stories, suggestions).
TAKEAWAYS (5 min):
Share 1-2 key takeaways/things that you think will help you moving forward.
ACTIONS (5 min):
Share your action items for the next 30 days and your accountability plan.
PRAY:
Pray over the actions.

1. REPORT (30 min):
[Assign a Facilitator and a Time Keeper to keep things on track]
PRAY
RELATIONSHIPS (10 min):
How is your time reading and praying?
Is there any conflict with a believer that you need to resolve?
STATUS (10 min):
What is happening in your work that is exciting to you?
What successes do you feel like you are seeing?
BARRIERS (10 min):
What barriers are you facing in your field?
What barriers are preventing further multiplication of disciples and churches?

2. REVIEW (30 min):
[Facilitator reviews the barriers to focus solutions on. Other Participants give encouragement and suggestions]
ENCOURAGEMENT (5 min):
Give encouragement to the person who is sharing.
QUESTIONS (5 min):
Ask clarifying questions about what has been shared.
SOLUTIONS (10 min):
Discuss solutions that address barriers (scripture, stories, suggestions).
TAKEAWAYS (5 min):
Share 1-2 key takeaways/things that you think will help you moving forward.
ACTIONS (5 min):
Share your action items for the next 30 days and your accountability plan.
PRAY:
Pray over the actions.



WHY
Why should I share the gospel?
— John 3:16
— Matthew 22:37-39
— Matthew 28:18-20

• Are you willing to give Jesus all authority in your life?
• Are you willing to go tell others about Jesus?
• Are you willing to make disciples?
• Are you will to go to all nations?
• Are you willing to baptize others?
• Are you willing to teach others to obey the commands of Christ?
• Do you believe that Jesus is with you?


WHO
Who should I share the gospel with?
• Make a List of 20 people in your relational network (family, friends, co-workers/classmates, neighbors, acquittance, …etc.).


WHAT
What should I share with others?
My Story
God’s Story


WHEN
When should I share the gospel?
Pray: Set a time to pray for the people on your list.
Share: Set a time to share the gospel on your list.
Train: Set a time to train a fellow believer.

4 • 1 • 1 Gospel Conversation Training is a simple way to train others to share the gospel. This can be a training for existing believers or a training use to help start brand new disciples of Jesus to start sharing their faith right away. 411 — Four Questions on One Paper in One Hour.

The Parable of the Growing Seed:
Jesus said, “This is what the kingdom of God is like. A man scatters seed on the ground. Night and day, whether he sleeps or gets up, the seed sprouts and grows, though he does not know how. All by itself the soil produces grain—first the stalk, then the head, then the full kernel in the head. As soon as the grain is ripe, he puts the sickle to it, because the harvest has come.”
— Mark 4:26-29

FOUR FIELDS Diagnostic Diagram:
EMPTY FIELD: Entry Plan — Where or with whom (what people groups) are you planning to extend the Kingdom?
SEEDING FIELD: Gospel Plan — Where or with whom are you sharing the good news of the Kingdom? How are you doing that?
GROWING FIELD: Discipleship Plan — How are you equipping people and growing them spiritually, individually and in their natural networks?
HARVESTING FIELD: Church Formation Plan — How are new spiritual families (simple churches) being formed?
MULTIPLYING: With whom, how and when are you filtering for faithful people, equipping and holding them accountable for reproduction?

馬可福音 4:1-20

GenMapper is an app for mapping generations of simple churches.

CHURCH CIRCLES MAPFOUR FIELDS MAPCHURCH ASSESSMENT

DISCIPLE
[INSTRUCTIONS]

  • UNAWARE
    • You’re unfamiliar or don’t understand the Tool.
    • Coach has not modeled the Tool to me.
  • UNSKILLED
    • You’re somewhat familiar but still not sure about the Tool.
    • Coach is assisting me to model the Tool to my disciples.
  • COMPETENT
    • You understand and can train the basics on the Tool.
    • Coach is watching me to assist my disciples to model the Tool.
  • SKILLED
    • You feel confident and can effectively train the Tool.
    • Coach can leave me to watch my disciples to assist theirs.

COACH
[ROLES]

  • MODEL
    • Model and make sure of understanding.
    • Coach gives direction and information.
  • ASSIST
    • Assist them until they have the basics.
    • Coach gives direction and support.
  • WATCH
    • Watch out for consistent competence.
    • Coach gives support and encouragement.
  • LEAVE
    • Leave them and find others to develop.
    • Coach receives updates.

COACHING CHECKLIST is a powerful tool you can use to quickly assess your own strengths and vulnerabilities when it comes to making disciples who multiply. It’s also a powerful tool you can use to help others – and others can use to help you. Use the following steps to take this quick self-assessment.

STEP 1: Read through the Disciple Training Tools in the far left column of the Checklist.

STEP 2: Mark each one of the Training Tools, using the following method:
• If you’re unfamiliar or don’t understand the Tool — check the BLACK column.
• If you’re somewhat familiar but still not sure about the Tool — check the RED column.
• If you understand and can train the basics on the Tool — check the YELLOW column.
• If you feel confident and can effectively train the Tool — check the GREEN column.

COACHING CHECKLIST
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